Recapturing Faith in Greatness

Victor Cruuuuuz and Hakeem Nicks kicked off the parade.

“NOOO!”  I stretched the collar of my Super Bowl XLII t-shirt over my mouth and nearly cried.  Ahmad Bradshaw had just scored a go ahead touchdown, and I could not feel sicker.  How could a Super Bowl touchdown by the New York Football Giants be so viscerally painful?  Bradshaw was supposed to go down.  The Giants were supposed to seal this championship with an eighteen yard field goal.  Instead, Tom Brady and the Patriots would now have fifty-seven seconds to march down the field for their own championship-winning score.

But the Giants defense forced Brady into a 4th and 20, and I could feel the cool surface of the Lombardi Trophy at our finger tips.  That is, until the Pats moved the chains and ultimately set up a final Hail Mary bomb.  As that final pass came back to earth and white and navy jerseys leaped into the air with outstretched arms, my heart stopped.  The ball was batted down and seemed to hit the ground.  Or did it bounce off somebody’s back?  A hobbled Gronkowski dove for the ball.  My mind raced (Did he come up with it?! Did it matter?! Was the play dead?!), and then it was blank.  The ball hit the ground again below the Pats’ tight end.  I was frozen.  Then the ref waived the play dead and the game over.  MADNESS!  I hopped up and down.  I piled on top of my brother and friend Steve.  I acted like a complete fool, and I loved it.

I have finally digested it.  The New York Giants are the Super Bowl champions.  It began to sink in when I saw the [almost ex-]coach Coughlin hoisting the trophy up next to Eli Manning and Justin Tuck as they headed up the Canyon of Heroes to the sound of our adulating screams.

After Super Bowl XLII, when the Giants’ storybook playoff run had culminated in the Manning to Tyree Velcro catch, I told myself I would be fine with the Giants never winning again during my lifetime.  The fashion in which they won was so incredible that I felt like asking for another championship would simply have been greedy. But looking back four years later, I realize the utter foolishness of that sentiment.

Sure, my reaction to the win in 2008 was ostensibly rational, but the essence of being a sports fan is throwing logic to the wind.  Fully embracing a team means celebrating wins as if you yourself were on the field securing the victory and internalizing losses to the brink of depression.  As a fan, it was more irrational to be content with that historic championship season than it was to demand a repeat performance.

Eli Manning, Justin Tuck, Coach Coughlin, and the Lombardi trophy. Mayor Bloomberg is somewhere on the float too but is overshadowed by such Giants.

We are fans because we are awestruck and inspired by physical prowess.  Fans don’t require greatness from teams and players to maintain loyalty, but we rightfully expect it.  An 88 yard Eli Manning fourth quarter drive is the epitome of greatness, but it can also come in different forms.  It may be found in a gesture of sportsmanship or in playing through pain.  It can be found off the field and in loss.

Somehow I had forgotten that it wasn’t greedy of me to want that Super Bowl XLII feeling again—it was natural.  I was within my right to be disappointed in a Giants wide receiver who shot himself in a nightclub in 2008.  I was completely justified in being apoplectic when the Giants special teams let the Eagles make a game winning punt return in 2010.

Perhaps, I had forgotten how to be a fan because of years of disappointment.  Being a Michael Jordan fan growing up was such a blessing, but for years after his second retirement it also seemed like a curse.  I had been spoiled.  No sports team, athlete, or moment could ever seem to compare to MJ’s Bulls and their playoff heroics.  I had never put such faith in an athlete or team.  I had never more vicariously experienced victory.  I had never been more superstitious with my viewing habits.

After 1998, however, my expectations diminished with every bumbling performance and lackluster season by my favorite teams.  My expectations fell at an accelerated pace leading up to 2008 in part because I was losing my soul to an unfulfilling job, and partially because of the anticlimactic end to the 2006 NLCS when just minutes after destiny seemed to be on our side following an Endy Chavez home run robbery, another Met struck out looking in the bottom of the ninth.  It got to the point that after the Giants’ Super Bowl victory in 2008 I felt that I never needed to witness greatness in football (and maybe even in sport) ever again.

I had morphed from a fan into an unrecognizable being.  I still cheered my lungs out and sat with knots in my stomach during each playoff game during the 2007-08 NFL season, but I had transformed.  Instead of being a true fanatic, I was merely a passionate supporter.  I think I even talked about the Giants in the third person.

I showed signs of sports life during the 2010 World Cup when a Landon Donovan goal against Algeria effected a moment of inexplicable euphoria.  But it wasn’t until I came to this 2011-12 Giants team that I truly returned to form.

I gave up chunks of my Sundays to watch the G-Men play without multitasking to get work done as I had in previous years.  I carried an untouchable high into the next morning after JPP’s blocked field goal late in the season against the Cowboys.  The next week, I was eviscerated after the shocking loss to the Redskins.  I superstitiously traveled home to New Jersey to watch every Giants playoff game after I saw them beat the Falcons from there during the first round.  For the first time in a long time I put unreserved faith in an athlete—Eli Manning—and had my faith repaid with pure greatness.  (Yes, I fell in love with the man.)  I left my daily life behind to attend my first ever ticker tape parade.  I felt a pride in my team that I had not felt since the nineties.  Proud enough to proclaim, “WE are Super Bowl champions!  WE are the World champions!”

There is no reason this Super Bowl win should be any more special than the last one, but it is.  This Giants team rekindled my fanaticism, making me a fan again in the truest sense of the word.  They made me a believer.  For that, I am forever grateful.

To the World Champion New York Football Giants, thank you.

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Steve Jobs

I first heard the name when watching Pirates of Silicon Valley while in high school.  It was appropriately during a computer programming class.  It was the first time I associated a person with the Macintosh computer I had first used to play Space Invaders as a little kid.  I associated the face of Noah Wyle with Steve Jobs for a very long time.  I didn’t bother rectifying that association in my mind because it seemed as if Apple was a thing of the past.  Why bother?

Fast forward a few years, and I owned an iPod Mini.  Fast forward a few more, and I owned an iPhone 3G.  Fast forward to today, and I am browsing MacBook Airs. . .  It is safe to say I no longer think of a former ER actor when I think of Steve Jobs.

I usually view words like “revolutionized,” “genius,” and “visionary” with disdain for being honorable superlatives that have become mere platitudes.  But with Steve Jobs, they were not only applicable—they may have been understatements.  In the time of ubiquitous behemoth corporations, for one individual to have such a lasting impact on several separate industries and millions (billions?) of people is truly remarkable.  It takes an unbelievable person to exert his will in such a manner.

We all want to say something special at times like this to honor people as special as Steve Jobs.  However, words have the peculiar quality of failing us at these crucial moments.  So, I will just share my feelings.  I am deeply saddened.  Whether through game changing consumer devices or Pixar, Steve Jobs has inspired me to dream big.  Some of the things he made possible were inconceivable, but his propensity to never settle for less than  his vision, compels me to be just as relentless—to “stay hungry, stay foolish.”

Thank you, Steve.  We miss you already.

My Response to TIME

I think the widespread reaction to the following topic has been a bit overdone, but that said, I still felt like feeding the beast.

Only because I now realize that even though I responded the day the article was published there’s only an infinitesimal chance the editors actually read it, and because I previously promised five parts to my India saga but came up one short, and because I enjoy thoroughly trouncing horse carcasses, here was/is my response to Joel Stein’s infamous article, “My Own Private India:”

To the Editors of Time Magazine:

Edison, NJ is a bastion for Indian culture in the United States.  Joel Stein’s scathing remarks are unwarranted, and his attempts at humor fall somewhere between the fifth made-for-TV installment of the “American Pie” movies and Michael Richards’ post-Seinfeld stand-up.

Sitting in the middle of New Jersey in an apparently random location, Edison indeed is an anomaly of sorts.  It’s as if Indian merchants were transported to the USA, and without any knowledge of the norms of modern American strip malls, they rebuilt the congested markets of Mumbai in a sprawling New Jersey suburb–with an abundance of jewelers, sari vendors, Indian restaurants, and grocery stores.

Transforming Pizza Hut into Sukhadia without changing the chain restaurant’s decor might demonstrate a lack of imagination, but it is
certainly resourceful.  Indians assimilated in Edison while preserving a lot of the day-to-day conveniences of their native country, not at all different from the Italians or Chinese in Manhattan.  In fact, Edison can be applauded for not yet prostituting itself to the lure of tourism as Chinatown and Little Italy have.

On some level I feel bad for Stein.  Revisiting one’s hometown should be fraught with nostalgia and a chance to recreate memories.  It is understandable that one might experience pain from not having the opportunity to reminisce about past misdemeanors. Fortunately for Stein, as Vonnegut noted, “A man without a home can’t be lost,” except, apparently, when it came to writing this article.

I’ll forgive parts of the article because toward the end of Stein’s ramblings he does realize some of the benefits of Indian influence in
Edison (even if actually voiced through Jun Choi).  However, it is hard not to be offended by his musings about “dot heads.”  As a child
in Howell, NJ, I saw a neighbor use the slur against my mother.  My mother calmly responded by calling the woman a racist.  To rebut this simple truth, the woman picked up a five-year-old black child playing on the lawn and kissed him inappropriately.  Stein and his entourage might do well to meet up with this woman, and with their collective wisdom they just might be able to find creative ways to insult our Hindu religion too.  Who knows?  Perhaps, they’ll discover new ways to assault those whose beliefs include eating crackers and wine to represent the consumption of God’s son.

In the meantime, I would love to meet up with good-ol’ Joel and hear his thoughts on immigration reform as we stroll through the streets of Jackson Heights in Queens, NY.

India Now: An Anecdotal Account (Part 4)

So, I lied . . . This post is, in fact, the final installment of India Now and will conclude the four part narrative of my trip to India:

One of the neighbors in my grandmother’s gated community in Andheri East has a driver.  The driver, a member of India’s server class, is impoverished like most of the people in his position.  Unlike many of the servants in the community, this driver has a reputation for being reliable.  Neighbors frequently complain about other servants stealing from their households and talking maliciously about them behind turned backs.  Not this driver.  He has received muted praise from the community for the loyalty he shows his employer.  The employer, however, offers few compliments, believing that too much appreciation can create unnecessary complacency.

The employer-servant relationship continued for years in a fairly professional manner.  One night the driver chauffeured his employer and his wife to a social function.  Instructed to wait outside in the night heat until the party let out, the driver was surprised to see his employer’s wife step out to the car a bit early.  She considerately greeted him with a cup of water.  She also insisted the driver try some dessert.  The driver declined, not wanting to overstep professional boundaries.  She would not hear it and returned with a bowl of sweets anyway.  Her husband followed shortly behind.  When he arrived to see the driver enjoying some of the party’s spoils, he was outraged at the driver’s apparent trespass on the social affair.  After berating the driver, the employer felt he had no choice but to punish his servant’s indiscretion with a beating.

Neighbors familiar with this story quietly approved of the employer’s actions.  They reasoned, the man could not let his driver think such unprofessionalism would be tolerated.  After the incident, the driver continued with his post as loyally as before.  The employer and his neighbors felt vindicated in their beliefs—beating servants was the only way to guarantee obedience, much like a dog.

The caste system might have been abolished in India but the poor are still often treated like second-class citizens.  Slumdog’s chai-wala aside the impoverished lead rather despondent lives.  Yes, stories of rags to riches do exist, but compared to the lower socioeconomic strata of the United States who find themselves in project housing or trailers with indoor plumbing, the jhoper patti dwelling poor of India have it really bad.  Worse, no one seems to care.  When poverty permeates a place so deeply, desensitization is almost inevitable.  Unfortunately, dehumanization accompanies the desensitization.

During our hike up to Vaishno Devi Sherpa-like guides called pitus carried our bags up the mountain.  As natives of the region, they were very well conditioned to lugging heavy cargo up and down the mountain on a daily basis.  While my brother and I found it a bit awkward to have these thin, older men carry the bags of two guys in the physical prime of their lives, we went with the flow.  We figured they would be compensated for their efforts.  When we reached the top and settled into our hotel room, we were dismayed to discover that the pitus were not permitted shelter with us.  They spent the blustery night on the streets curled up in shawls.  By the end of the trip they had garnered so much goodwill in Rajeev’s and my eyes that we decided to leave them a generous tip, but we were discouraged by our relatives.  There was a norm to tipping that we apparently didn’t understand.  We were only to offer a nominal amount to express our gratitude.  I wound up having to take Rajeev’s share along with mine and clandestinely slip it to the pitus.

The glaring visuals of disfigured beggars roaming the roadsides often overshadow the struggles of the servant class, but the reality is that they’re all part of the 42% of the Indian population that is impoverished.[1] As dark as their plight seems at time, however, it might not be entirely hopeless.  During a day trip to the small city of Vadodra in the state of Gujarat, I ran into a mother and daughter team begging for money as I exited a restaurant.  Vadodra has a growing NRI population, many of whom are buying property to serve as vacation or retirement homes.  The poor are cognizant of this trend and have taken advantage of it, positioning themselves at NRI hubs.  As we left the restaurant, it was fairly obvious to the mother and daughter duo that we weren’t locals.  Perhaps it was the polos or the fact that we were drinking diet soda, but whatever the tell, they swarmed us without hesitation.  One of my younger cousins urged us along to the car.  As the driver started backing out, the daughter poked her hand inside my window.  Not wanting to hurt the girl, I handed her my bottle of Diet Pepsi.  She snatched it greedily.  My cousin snapped at me, “You shouldn’t encourage them! They prey on NRIs.”  Rajeev followed my lead and tossed his soft drink to the mother on the other side of the car.  As our cousin continued scolding us, we couldn’t help but crack up laughing.

Why our cousin was so offended by my brother and me gifting two half-finished soda bottles eluded us.  Even she started smirking at the absurdity of the situation.  Glancing out the window at the mother and daughter team as we hurriedly pulled away, I saw that they too found the whole ordeal very amusing and were laughing.  The mother knew that they could have done without the diet sodas.  By their appearance, it was obvious that they didn’t miss many meals.  They were poor, but they weren’t starving and possibly not even homeless.  All of us recognized that begging for money had become a game in India.  The begging mother knew that my Indian cousin would only have rebuked her, and thus, she turned to Rajeev and me instead.  My cousin frowned upon their success because she realized it would soon lead more beggars to patrol that area.  Rajeev and I knew that the girl and woman weren’t completely destitute, but we didn’t want the soda and were leaving India soon enough anyway.  Our collective laughter was just the outburst of knowing we were all complicit in a never-ending game.

The real problem in towns like Vadodra is that the reemergence of NRIs, with the power of non-Indian currency at their disposal, raises the cost of living for the working class.  Acquiescing to appeals for money was just another example of the disturbance of local norms.  Western influence in general is having this tumultuous impact all over India.  The change in socioeconomic behaviors and the interactions between disparate classes is one of the more tangible transformations.

To the poor girl sipping on my soda, Diet Pepsi represented the taste of a better life.  Unaccustomed to the artificial flavor, she probably didn’t even like it.  Still, she understood that this foreign object meant a future different from her present life, and the newfound Indian optimism equates this “different” future with a better one.  This mentality is not limited to the poor.  The information technology industry was a boon to the Indian economy, and growth in other industries rapidly followed.  With a rising gross domestic product, India experienced a surge in its middle class.

The young population can carry the middle class to new heights of affluence.  India’s youth needs only to be wary of disillusionment.   The definition of middle class is changing.  Membership to this class currently grants access to a superficially richer lifestyle in which it is not uncommon to rub elbows with Bollywood stars at nightclubs and parties.  Legacy upper and middle class members who have been supported by the wealth of family businesses and generous patriarchs are mixing with people who are starting their own businesses and working for multinational corporations.  Universal economic growth eventually slows, and certain key industries continue to flourish.  That time might be a while away, but when it comes, it is very possible that not everyone achieves the promise of a better life.  As Western forces and Indian tradition reach equilibrium, it should become more apparent to the youth what the best niches in society are for them.  Until then, confusion remains mixed with optimism as Indians continue finding their identity in the new millennium.


[1] “New Global Poverty Numbers – What It Means for India.” The World Bank, 2005.

India Now: An Anecdotal Account (Part 3)

It is hard to hyperbolize the influence of Bollywood on Indian society.  Having grown up unabashedly exposed to Bollywood song and dance as the offspring of non resident Indians (NRIs) in the United States, I understood the importance that Indians both at home and abroad placed on their cinematic heroes and heroines.  One Friday night in Mumbai I joined an extended family outing to see 3 Idiots, the newest fillum starring Aamir Khan.  Ever since one of his movies had been nominated for an Academy Award, Aamir Khan had metamorphosed into another one of India’s deities.  Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie’s combined stardom pales in comparison to the deference paid to Bollywood superstars.  The only apt Western analogy might be the status rock and roll legends once occupied among their fanatical devotees.

3 Idiots had smashed opening box office records the previous weekend, only intensifying this particular Bollywood experience.  We arrived late to a hissing of shhh’s, but I was quickly engaged by the gigantic 100-foot movie screen.  As the screen engulfed me and the rest of the audience, it was quickly obvious how watching your favorite Bollywood stars talking, singing, and dancing for you every week on a mega screen could become a religious experience.  It was no surprise, then, to hear the audience’s earnest outcry for a dad to vacate the theater when his baby decided to start bawling.  Yet, it was different from the hushing he would have received in an American theater.  There was no forgiveness.  It seemed obvious to the audience that the baby had overstepped its bounds, and such audacity could not be tolerated.  The crowd pleaded its case in cacophonic admonishments until the door closed behind the baby and his frazzled father.

Aamir Khan with a fellow first generation American cousin

It was also expected when audience members looked to each other for support and approval during the funnier moments of the movie.  The biggest laughs came during a scene in which someone with poor command of Hindi had his speech replaced by the protagonist.  The dramatic irony and ensuing sabotaged speech was the pinnacle of the movie for many in the audience.  My cousin’s teenaged son literally fell off the edge of his seat, clapping jubilantly and tearing while he laughed.  The scene had not tickled me in the same way, and when he looked at me for approval, I felt pressured to feign equal enthusiasm to avoid ruining the moment.  Never had my belief that comedy is the hardest human experience to translate been better substantiated.  Consequently, my brother’s chortle from the row behind me and my laugh were the only audible reactions during a darker comedic moment.

Despite not finding the movie as thoroughly entertaining as most of the audience, I enjoyed the experience.  It truly was Broadway, Hollywood, rock and roll, and even a live sporting event all rolled into one.  There was an interval during the movie that acted as a halftime of sorts in which people left their seats to replenish their laps with not only popcorn, but India’s version of hotdogs, cotton candy, ice cream and other ballpark equivalents.

Afterward, the teenagers and twenty-somethings of my family shared a car home.  My cousin Shanky deviated from the usual route.  He seemed in a daze—still transfixed by the cinematic spectacle we just left.  Not waiting for our approval, he took Rajeev and me hostage on the quiet city streets.  The idea of a joy ride seemed so foreign to us.  Watching Shanky smoke his cigarette with his other hand on the wheel, I sensed that he felt liberated on these drives.  It almost seemed on cue when his father called to order him home.  Shanky had the only key back into the apartment, and the rest of the family was waiting.  This time my cousin did not argue, but it was a rare instance of a tension-free exchange between father and son.

*****

One of present day India’s most astounding traits is its youth—half of the Indian population is under the age of 25.[1] India’s juvenescence portends tremendous workforce productivity for many years ahead, but it also carries with it great implications for the country’s cultural fabric.  India prides itself on thousands of years of heritage carried forward through mogul reign, British oppression, and post-revolutionary religious divides.  Never has the contrast between cultural preservation and modernization been more visually evident:  slums, the remnants of an outdated caste system, sit cozily next to rising office parks; women dressed in saris rub shoulders with teenage girls wearing miniskirts in newly opened megamalls; and cows weave casually between imported Japanese sedans.

The friction between modern and traditional values inevitably sparks cultural tensions, threatening family values held at the heart of Indian society.  My uncle (a product of the film industry and a Mumbai culture that promotes everlasting virility) actually sympathizes with his son Shanky about issues that might normally create rifts between people of different generations.  He gets his son’s cravings for clothes with logos, sex, fast cars and bikes, Western media, and nightlife vices.  Yet conflicts arise because, like most Indian sons, my cousin is living in the same household as his parents into adulthood.  This Indian tradition has its merits.  Instead of entrusting daycare to nannies, grandparents can help raise grandchildren.  Children can care for their parents as they get on in years and shield them from the isolation of nursing homes.  The system also provides a financial safety net for young couples, who have no pressure to buy a new home before starting their lives together.

Western influence, however, has instilled a new want for liberation in India’s rapidly expanding youth.  This independence can be difficult to achieve in a small apartment housing three generations of a family.  Nonetheless, single individuals in their 20s who do not yet recognize the benefits of free day care for their future children and the financial savings mentioned previously, are unwilling to sacrifice their freedom.

I found it hard to reconcile with whom I sided when my uncle and cousin fought.  I was bemused that my cousin still had to abide by his father’s rules as an adult and how much it upset my uncle when his twenty-three year old son stayed out late with friends.  I eventually reasoned it did make sense that if my cousin could not support himself independently, he should have to follow his benefactor’s dicta.  One continuing source of conflict involved my uncle’s disapproval of Shanky’s last girlfriend.  While differing religions played a role, the problem stemmed mostly from the fact that Shanky’s girlfriend had previously dated one of his friends before she was intimate with my cousin.  Whether or not this bucked the traditional Indian notions of romance, it occurred to me that my uncle should not have objected too strongly if his son was content with the situation.

Perhaps, sexuality is to remain the cornerstone of cultural tension in India for years to come.  Bollywood films have hesitantly embraced onscreen kissing, but these scenes frequently meet their demise at the censorship board before domestic theatrical release.  Strolling along the popular Mumbai beach spots, Bandra and Bandstand, I saw forbidden lovers scattered across jagged rocks leading down to the water.  These frustrated couples could only venture to meet in precarious places—after all, a girl wearing traditional Muslim garb could not dare kiss a Hindu boy on a street corner.

Modern Indian romance might best be summed up by the story of one of Shanky’s friends.  Ravi, a young man in his 20s, had been with his girlfriend for many years.  While fidelity was not his style, the relationship blossomed.  Unfortunately for Ravi, another guy entered the picture a few years later.  Ravi’s girlfriend told him about the guy and her uncertainties about their own relationship.  Ravi gave her an ultimatum:  forget the other guy and marry him, or their relationship was irrevocably finished.  She decided to try out the new guy.  Within a couple months she was ready to reconcile with her ex beau.  In the interim, however, Ravi’s parents saw an opportunity.  They arranged for him to marry the suitable daughter of a family friend.

Even after dating around for years in the Western sense, this young guy was to have an arranged marriage.  I had a chance to meet the recently betrothed couple.  They seemed happy enough, but Shanky later intimated to me that Ravi and his ex girlfriend had both confided in him that they still loved the other.

*****

Before leaving India, my brother and I wanted a taste of the supposedly debaucherous lifestyle Shanky and his friends were leading.  After an argument between Shanky and his father about his prodigal ways, we hopped into his car and hit the pothole ridden Mumbai roads on a Friday night.  Running late, my cousin floored it to make sure we wouldn’t lose our table reservation.  Traditional traffic was unusually light, but as we approached the first intersection, a bull blocked the narrow path.  The proud animal examined us carefully.  Unperturbed by our sense of hurry and the honking, he paced leisurely for a few minutes before finally deciding to give way.

We were on our way to “the town” and to one of Mumbai’s more exclusive clubs, Prive.  Despite being late, my cousin needed to make a quick pit stop.   Rajeev and I sat patiently at the entrance to some residential building until my cousin ran back with a new set of keys.  We were switching cars, shifting to a roomier SUV with a booming sound system.  This was after all a night out, and my cousin could not roll up to a club in predictable fashion.  Used to partying in New York when in the States, driving and clubbing were mutually exclusive activities in my book, but at the same time I couldn’t help but feel that the ostentatious nature of upgrading to a fancier ride wasn’t quite very Indian either.

We pulled up to Prive and passed undersized Indian bouncers into the club.  The glowing club LEDs and strobing dance floor lights flashed to the rhythm of electronic music and a thumping bass.  I felt as if I had been transported to South Beach.  The humidity and congestion of Mumbai had been replaced by the familiar posh, pretentiousness of a Western nightclub.  Sipping on outrageously priced drinks, I stood awkwardly, self-conscious that people somehow knew I didn’t quite belong.  Maybe it was because I wasn’t dancing enthusiastically like many other guys at this early hour.  Indian male flamboyance, I found, had not been checked at the door tonight.  Dance moves were very middle school.  No grinding here.  Instead of being an adult playground, where public sexual foreplay was encouraged, the nightclub scene here was PG.  Skirts were short but did not ride up to reveal taboo parts.  There would be no Britney or Paris flashings for us when everyone stumbled out of the club in a few hours.

Suddenly, cops burst through the club doors to end the night early.  I turned to my cousin to figure out what was going on, but he was busy paying full price for table service that had been cut at least two hours short.  Even later he had no explanation.  The cops could randomly poop the party whenever they wanted.  I realized I was going to be disappointed on my quest for debauchery in India, but we tried one other nightspot before heading back to the suburbs of Mumbai.

"Om, Shaanti, Om!"

On the drive back we stopped by the beach.  The smokers lit their cigarettes, and the rest of us sat on rocks overlooking the waves.  I threw a pebble into the abyss and turned around to see my cousin doing a handstand.  The guys, though sober, were running around putting each other in headlocks.  The only person in this group that had imbibed past his limits was actually from Singapore.  Having to catch a flight back in the morning, he was no longer with us, but he serenaded us to the tunes of the Indian classic, “Om, Shaanti, Om,” before heading off.  Back at the roadside, Shanky handed a friend the keys to our car so that he could get into the other one.  I did not understand why until we hit the road again.  As we got onto Mumbai’s newest cable-stayed bridge, I looked out the front windshield to see my cousin sticking his torso out through the sunroof of the car in front of us while Jay Sean’s Down blasted on our speakers.  He waved his arms and screamed into the night air.  He carried on wildly for the length of the bridge before switching back to our car.

Although he was my contemporary, I didn’t quite get my cousin.  We were comfortable in each other’s presence but never seemed to connect on a meaningful level.  This last display of exuberance, while somewhat contrived and Bollywoodesque, had a youthful innocence to it almost from another era.  And at that moment while I knew I could not live the Indian experience, I was happy to get a glimpse of this optimistic time in my cousin’s and the country’s lives.


[1] “The Rising Elephant.” PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2005.

India Now: An Anecdotal Account (Part 1)

I made a trip to India last December (2009) and visited for 3 weeks into the new year (2010).  This is my account covering the spectrum of life in India. It is divided into 5 parts.  Here’s part 1:

After fifteen hours we finally descended over Mumbai.  As I peered into the darkness outside, I noticed that the night was undisturbed by the light pollution one would expect from a major city.  As soon as we hit the tarmac, a distinct foreign smell permeated the airplane cabin.  Even ten years later it was impossible not to recognize that Indian scent that might be described as a potpourri of concrete rubble, dust, cow manure and some mystery masala.  Nervous to meet my relatives again and use Indian bathrooms, I was both suffocated and reassured by the smell.

I was surprised by the blinding fluorescent lights as I disembarked from the ramp into the airport.  As my mom and younger brother, Rajeev, walked ahead to the duty free shops, I ran to the bathroom for what I thought would be the first of many harrowing visits during the next three weeks.  Proper urinals, albeit a bit low to the ground, startled me upon entry.  A few minutes later I ran to catch up while taking in the commercial vivacity of Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, which seemed more like a Western shopping mall at midnight than a portal to a developing foreign country.  Chanel No. 5 for 20% off to my right, and two bottles of The Glenlivet for $58 to my left.  Not bad.  I caught up with my family and after a quick baggage mix-up we went through one last security checkpoint.

We dumped our bags on the conveyor belt and waited.  I turned to my mom and smiled, “India is a lot different from what I remember.”  One of the porters at security interjected and asked about the three bottles of whiskey we had purchased from duty free.  He grabbed my arm and asked me for ten dollars.  Explaining that we were permitted four bottles between the two of-age adults, I picked up my bags and moved forward.  Feeling a hand clutch my elbow again, I turned to hear the porter begging me to have a heart and to give him some cash.  Brushing his arm away I pushed toward ground transportation.  In my periphery I could see my mom smirking.  I lamented, “I guess some things don’t change.”

*****

The steady hum of traffic rose to our second story flat in the mornings.  As comforting as the sound of the outside world continuously bustling about in the background was, driving through that same traffic was disproportionately more frustrating.  Traveling ten kilometers routinely took an hour in Mumbai traffic.  In a country of a billion people it wasn’t shocking to see fifty pedestrians for every vehicle as they played a ceaseless game of Frogger, dodging double decker buses and weaving through the anarchy of streets without driving lanes.  But even in the presence of buses and monstrous trucks, the true kings of the Indian roadways were the auto-rickshaws.

Swarming through the streets equipped with buzzing engines and blaring cricket-like horns, the black and yellow pests seemed to have multiplied since my last visit.  Despite their dominance, the three-wheel, three-seater autos were harmless and could easily be flipped over onto their sides by a grown man.  My 165 pound frame nearly tipped one over the first time I stepped out of an auto.  They were no more than Vespas with tarp coverings.  Yet, in the United States motorcycles and scooters are forced to criss-cross through highways of sedans.  In India it is the cars that have to maneuver through a grid of autos, which Physics 101 would suggest poses a problem.

Sitting in traffic, I spruced up on my Hindi by reading decals on the backs of autos:  “Rama,” “Mera Bharat Mahan,” and “Capacity: 3 Idiots.”  Reading that last one, which referred to a recently released Bollywood film, I thought American advertisers could learn a few lessons about viral advertising from this place.  My gaze drifted from the traffic to the local businesses.  Impressive malls had sprung up everywhere during the past ten years, but the majority of commercial property was still hole-in-the-wall stores and shacks lining the roadsides.  As I stared out the window at a store called Alpha, which sold everything from eyeglass frames to diapers to potato chips but with 1/100th the retail space of the average Wal-Mart, a large moving gray mass blocked my view.  After a moment, it dawned on me that this was an elephant in full stride alongside heavy traffic.  Still disoriented, it took me a few more seconds to realize that what I thought was someone hosing down the sidewalk was actually the same elephant relieving himself, forcing me to reconsider the idiom, “piss like a racehorse.”

As the elephant thudded away, my eyes returned to Alpha.  I had wondered why stores like Wal-Mart did not take advantage of India’s rising middle class, but I began to see why the infrastructure might make it difficult.  Having traveled between major cities on India’s national highways, I saw firsthand that the majority of India was still occupied by villages and farmland.  India’s suburbs were housed within its congested metropolitan areas.  Unlike New York City’s outer boroughs, Mumbai’s suburbs were actually more congested than the financial and commercial centers.  In fact, downtown Mumbai is full of open stretches of pavement and void of the nuisance (and convenience) of autos.  The traffic and congestion make Wal-Mart like superstores hard to build in locations accessible to the suburban middle class.

As a foreigner with purchasing power, I was gladly willing to risk my life crossing the road to buy a Coke rather than hop in a car to find discount soda at a supermarket.  However, even locals who still value every rupee saved seemed to prefer the local economy that dominates India.  They enjoyed buying produce from the guy ceaselessly cuckooing, “Bhaji-wala!” in the early mornings.  The number of vendors that sold door-to-door had significantly decreased since my last visit, but it was still just as easy to make a call to any specialty store downstairs and have goods delivered.  Proximity explains why 97% of Indian retail is mom and pop stores, and this lifestyle has its advantages. [1] Renewing your license at India’s version of the DMV—a man sitting at a wicker table under a tarp propped up by bamboo sticks—was not nearly as tedious as a DMV visit in the United States.  Still, I found myself willing to forfeit an hour of my life every so often to the curmudgeons of my town’s DMV for the other day-to-day conveniences to which I had grown accustomed in the western world.


[1] “The Rising Elephant.” PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2005.

LOST: A Business Allegory

As one of my favorite shows ever comes to an end tomorrow, I felt a need to make a tribute in my own small fashion.  The most impressive feature of LOST (yes, always in all caps) was its ability to maintain a connected, though at times meandering, story arc on a major network over the course of six seasons.  It is rare for a show I like to go out at a point when I am still as interested as I was when I first started watching it.  Sadly (on a couple of levels), there will be a void in my life after Sunday night.

LOST earned repute among its fans for constantly weaving its themes and motifs throughout episodes and seasons.  In that vein I wanted to make a tribute to the show that incorporated the recurring ideas and themes of this blog.  Much of my experience and interests lie in business, finance and startups.  If imaginatively interpreted, LOST can provide us an allegory for these subjects.  The following expatiates the roles various characters and objects played in the show’s economic ecosystem:

  • Candidates / Companies (Startups): Our beloved main characters were on the island for a purpose unbeknownst to them and us. We eventually find out that they are there as candidates to replace the current protector of the island.  We root for them.  We empathize with their pain.  We smile with their successes because when they win, we the general audience win.  Startups in some form improve an aspect of civilization, albeit for a profit, and it is often for the greater good.  The characters of LOST, for its legions of followers and for the island’s well-being, provide a similar service.
  • Jacob / Venture Capital: Introduced early in the series but only making an appearance in the last episode of season five, Jacob is perhaps the most influential character on the show.  He is well intentioned and wants to give all the characters on the show a chance to succeed through their own decisions and actions.  He has a vested interested in all of them and guides them on their missions.  However, they ultimately  need to fend for themselves.  Jacob is Venture Capital.  After investing in their portfolios companies venture capitalists certainly have an influence on the big operational and funding decisions, but it is up to the companies to execute on their own.  Even though the two parties’ interests are not always perfectly aligned, like a parent to a child (or like Jacob to the candidates), venture capitalists wish the best for the companies.
  • The Island / Consumers: The island is us.  It is the consumers of our economy.  It is a moving target, which is why it eludes so many including people like Widmore who never seem to be able to find it.  The island is hard to reach.  It must invite you. Consumers are often difficult to reach, and customer acquisition and distribution plague many startups.  Finally, the island travels through time.  Similarly, timing is so crucial with consumers.  Introduce a concept too early, and it won’t work.  Too late, and you might as well not bother  (Jangl to Skype).  The candidates are there to serve the island just as companies operate to serve their customers.
  • Black Smoke (Man in Black) / Market Forces: Yes, the black smoke in LOST has always been a destructive force, at least on the surface.  Yes, the man in black in the form of John Locke vowed to destroy the island just this past episode.  But has he really been all that bad for our LOST economy?  He is responsible for weeding out the candidates.  Only four candidates remain going into the final episode.  As consumers, we want the best product possible from the best company, and the island, too, deserves the best protector possible.  The black smoke in its own chaotic way is doing just that.  Market forces can be brutal. While they often destroy seemingly good companies, they also ensure survival of the fittest.  Perhaps, Adam Smith really envisioned a cloud of black smoke when he wrote about his “invisible hand.”
  • Desmond / Big Brothaaa: Sorry, I couldn’t resist the play on Desmond’s catchphrase.  Desmond’s role in LOST‘s conclusion is one of the most intriguing questions leading into the finale.  For our purposes Desmond is the government.  In the show he has displayed a capacity for withstanding strange electromagnetic forces.  He is also tying up loose ends and helping the main characters stay on track to fulfill their purposes.  He has also been described as a failsafe against the black smoke, or market forces.  The government has the ability to do all this:  prop up companies and provide bailouts as a failsafe against financial meltdown.  On the flip side, just as Desmond is impervious to the island’s electromagnetic characteristics, the government can also be unresponsive to consumer outcry.
  • Ben Linus / Hedge Fund: Stretching even further, we can see Ben as a hedge fund.  He never quite seemed to be just another candidate.  He interacted with Jacob to glean any potentially useful information all the while manipulating island newcomers.  He somehow stayed above the fray, but when he did get burned it was huge—he lost his daughter Alex, tantamount to a complete fund collapse.  Going into the final episode, Ben might even be playing the man in black, or smoke monster.  Only a hedge fund manager could be cocky enough to believe he could manipulate market forces.
  • Charles Widmore / Private Equity, LBO: Well, Widmore is a corporate raider.  He literally raided the island in season four and seemingly for a profit.  In this last season his ego seems to have convinced him that only he can counter the smoke monster and save the remaining candidates.  I imagine Henry Kravis believed only he could straighten out “broken” companies battered by the free market back in his heyday.
  • Jack Shepherd / Google: It’s always been about Jack.  The show ends on the 23rd of May.  Jack’s assigned number as a candidate is, of course, 23.  This past episode he seemed to confirm his pivotal role as it all comes to an end by stepping forward to fulfill his destiny.  He might be the chosen one, but he is also responsible for his own fate.  The island needs him, and he needs the island.  He is Jacob’s ultimate candidate—the cream of the crop.  He is Google (or Apple or Amazon or any other wildly successful venture-backed company that you think deserves the crown).

There are probably many holes in this assessment.  It might turn out that this entire metaphor is somehow dismantled in the series finale, but hopefully like LOST itself, it leaves plenty of room for questions and debate.